- Patron of Gardeners – October 2nd is is St Francis of Assisi Day, known for his love of animals and nature.
- 15 Minute Gardening – Label garden hoses “Not Potable”, since the PVC stabilizer can leach into the water. Potable are available from garden stores and on-line.
- Water Early and Deep – Always water early morning to let foliage dry off before the sun reaches the plant. Water beads will act as a magnifying glass, burning the foliage. Soil should be watered one inch a week or when the soil is dry more than the top inch. To check the depth, use a spade to take a narrow plug. Slow water to allow for absorption and not run-off.
- Wedding- Pull or dig weeds making sure all of the root system is removed.
- Saving Seeds – Save seed from your favorite annuals except hybrid varieties that will not come true or are sterile. Seed packets marked F1, are hybrids.
- Spacing Bulbs – For a naturalized planting of bulbs, determine the area to be planted, throw bulbs them over your back, and plant where they landed.
- Caring for dried flowers – Use spray lacquer or hair spray on dried flower to prevent shattering and as a primer before spray painting. Revive cut hydrangeas by plunging them head-first into water, also stems if possible, for about an hour.
- Trees and shrubs – Rake walnuts, sweet gum, buckeye and Kentucky Coffee(our Heritage Tree) seeds before mowing as they can dull mower blades and can be a dangerous projective. The Whitehaven Welcome Center will gladly receive your buckeye seeds and Coffee tree pods to share with visitors who enjoy receiving both.
- Separate grocery-purchased garlic cloves that have sprouted, pot up, and snip new growth for cooking.
- For fried green tomatoes, use only hard green ones without any blush. Those that show color tend to get too soft.
- Fish Tank Fertilizer – Save water from cleaning the fish tank to fertilize the garden.
- Deep water plants in preparation for winter. Despite what it seems, plants continue to grow their roots even during the coldest winter.
- 15 Minute gardening – Write out a weekly plan of what needs to be done and divide into daily chores. Make a list of tools and supplies, adding what is needed to the shopping list. Having all supplies at hand, saves time and frustration.
- Garden – While the soil is soft, pull weeds before they go to seed. Grab them at soil level and roll you hand away from the weed. It is easier and more root comes out than pulling straight up.
- Pull dried daylily stems.
- Pot up spring bulbs in soil to force for holiday bloom.
- Layer daffodil, tulip and top with crocus and muscari.
- Sow hardy annuals and transplant tender biennials.
- Lawn – Remove thatch. Seed areas that need repair before mid- to late month. Check lawnmower blades for sharpness. The more turgid the leaf blades, the duller they will make the mower blades.
- Trees – Select locations for fall tree planting in October. Consider power lines location.
- Plant shrubs (mature size up to 10 feet) 10 feet from the power line. Magnolia soulangeana “Ann” is a small shrub that has bloomed all summer.
- Small trees(mature size under 30 feet) plant at least 15 feet from power lines.
- Medium trees (30-50 feet) plant 35 feet away
- tall trees, at least 45 feet.
- Prune crape myrtle whose flowers have gone to seed and cut suckers from the base of the tree. Wait to trim trees that have sent out new growth thinking it is mid-summer, until they go dormant. Pick of fallen fruit to avoiding tripping or creating projectiles when mowing.
- Vegetable – Work organic matter into vacant spaces: compost, aged manure, rotted straw or chopped leaves. Work 10-10-10 granular fertilizer into the soil and plant leaf lettuce, radish, spinach and turnip greens until mid-month. Reduce growth of perennial herbs by not fertilizing, so that fertilizer forced new-growth is not killed by frost.
- Compost – Composting container size depends on the space you have available. It can be as small as a sweater plastic box to a series of bins similar to those at the Arboretum. For more information request UK Extension Service pamphlet HO-75 or google Home Composting: A Guide to Managing Yard Waste to download it. Cornell University: cwmi.css.cornell.edu, go to Composting(bottom of the page), Home Composting.
- Garden – Continue to spray roses for black spot and powdery mildew. Bag black spot foliage on the plant and soil and destroy. Powdery mildew on lilacs not harm but looks bad. Control it with rose fungicide. Cut Liatris, to enjoy now and later as dried material for fall wreaths. Remove most of the foliage and place in a container without water. Order lilies and plant as soon as they arrive.
- Pour left-over coffee(without cream, milk, or sugar, and unflavored) around acidic plants to add nitrogen to the plants. Dilute it if using it to water acid-loving houseplants to prevent build-up of acid. Do not water more than once a week.
- Lawn – Dig dried patches for grubs. If more than ten per square foot are found, treat with a fast- acting insecticide. If your leaf blower needs replacing, purchase one that also vacuums and mulches the leaves.
- Trees and shrubs – Prune out or hand pick bagworms. By now insecticides are not effective.
- Plant evergreens. Before planting trees and shrubs, fill the hole with water, and saturate the plant’s root ball. Once the hole has drained, plant so that the root ball is level with the ground. If your automatic irrigation system or the soil is slow to drain, plant slightly higher than the ground level. Mulch, but no more than three inches and three inches from the trunk.
- Vegetables – Compost or till under spent vegetable plants. For larger gourds, but no more, pinch the growing tips when fruit is set. Continue planting seed directly in the ground for a fall harvest. Dry onions for two weeks before storing.
Garden – Continue to deadhead flowers. Snap daylily spent blooms late afternoon or evening so that you will wake up to a neat garden. Recycle spent bloom into the compost. Herbicide sprays drift even on calm days. Apply weed killer by using a painter’s trim roller. Porous plant containers dry faster than plastic and may need watering more than once a day.
Hummingbirds – Change feeder sugar water every three days during the summer, using white cane sugar (Domino or C&H), only. Hummers do not like beet sugar. The Hummingbird Society states, “Do not use any other sugar – not turinado(golden-colored raw sugar), raw, powdered(it contains starch) brown, or organic – and never use honey or artificial sweeteners. Spring water is preferred, but most tap water is acceptable.” Honey produces a fungus that clogs their throats resulting in death.
Monarchs – Whether you raise Monarchs in container to release, or observe them in your garden inspect their caterpillars for the tachinid fly eggs. The yellowish mass on their backs will eventually kill them. To destroy the eggs, Monarch Butterfly Garden recommends rinsing the caterpillars and then gently rubbing off the eggs. It will not harm the caterpillars.
Trees – Inspect trees for breakage, splitting and cracks from high winds and rains. Cut damaged into the healthy, solid wood, or back to the tree collar. The collar is a series of rings found where limbs grow from the trunk. The collar cells will scab over the cut. Do not cut into it or flush with the trunk. Painting or other artificial treatment will seal in insects and disease.
Trees that have lost half of their limbs should be removed.
Check for tree borers that appear in spring and summer. Insecticide treatment timing is critical as larvae enter the tree, 10-14 days after hatching treatment is ineffectual. Indications are frass(sawdust), round holes in the bark, and tree limbs dying from the base upwards.
Some tips and information from the Arbor Day Foundation about assessing damage to trees after a storm
click this link below to download a printable chart
(from The Garden Club of Kentucky), gardenclubky.org
KEY: s = sunny, ps = part sun, wd = well drained, d = dry, m = moist
|Common Name||Botanical Name||Sun||Water||Ht||Attracts||Bloom Color|
|SPRING TO EARLY SUMMER BLOOMING|
|Beardtongue||Penstemon sp.||s, ps||d||2-3 ft||hummingbird, butterflies, bees||purple, red, white|
|Bloodroot||Sanguinaria canadensis||shade||wd||6 in.||Bees (important early)||White,ephemeral|
|Coneflowers||Echinacea sp.||s||d||2-3 ft||butterflies (host), bees||pink, yellow|
|Golden Alexander||Zizia aurea||ps||d, m||2 ft||butterflies (host), flies, wasps, bees||yellow|
|Purple Poppy Mallow||Callirhoe involucrata||s||m, wd||1–2 ft||bees, hummers, rodents, beetles||bright pink|
|Red Honeysuckle||Lonicera sempervirens||s, d||d||8 ft vine||Hummingbirds, bees||bright red|
|Serviceberry (shrub)||Amelanchier sp.||s, ps||m||5-10 ft||bees, wasps, flies||white – blooms very early|
|Spicebush (shrub)||Lindera benzoin||ps,||d, wd||6ft||butterflies (host)||yellow|
|Sweetspire (shrub)||Itea virginica||ps||m||3-7ft||bees, butterflies/ moths, flies, wasps||white|
|Wild Columbine||Aquilegia canadensis||s, ps||wd||2ft||hummingbirds, bees||red and yellow|
|Anise Hyssop||Agastache sp. and cultivars||s||d||2-3 ft.||hummingbird, bees, butterflies||purple to pink, herb|
|Bee balm, Bergamot, etc.||Monarda sp||s||wd||2-3 ft||hummingbird, bees, moths, butterflies,||purple, white, red|
|Buttonbush (shrub)||Cephalanthus occidentalis||s||m||8 ft.||bees, butterflies, moths, wasps, flies||white|
|Garden Phlox||Phlox paniculata||s, ps||d||2- 4 ft||butterflies, bees, moths||pink, white, purple|
|Gayfeather, Blazingstar||Liatris sp.||s||wd||2-4 ft.||butterflies, bees, moths, wasps, flies||purple|
|Milkweed||Asclepias sp||s||d||1 to 6 ft.||butterflies (host), bees||white, orange, purple, yellow|
|Rose Mallow||Hibiscus moscheutos||s||d, m||3-8 ft||hummingbirds, bees, beetles||white, pink with red throat|
|Royal Catchfly||Silene regia||s||wd||3 ft||hummingbirds||bright red|
|Black-eyed Susan||Rudbeckia sp||s||wd||2-5 ft||bees, butterflies (esp. laciniata)||yellow|
|St. John’s Wort||Hypericum sp.||s, ps||wd||1-3 ft||bees||yellow|
|Sunflowers||Helianthus sp.||s||d, wd||3-8 ft||butterflies, bees, wasps, beetle||yellow, orange|
|LATE SUMMER AND FALL BLOOMING|
|Aster||Aster, sp.||s, ps||wd||1-4 ft||all pollinators, butterfly host||purple, pink white|
|Cardinal Flower||Lobelia cardinalis||ps||m||1-3 ft||hummingbirds||red|
|Goldenrod||Solidago sp||s, ps||d||1-3 ft||bees, butterflies, moths, flies, wasps||yellow|
|Great Blue Lobelia||Lobelia siphilitica||ps, m||m||1-3 ft||bees, hummingbirds||purple|
|Joe Pye Weed
|Eutrochium purpureum||s, ps||m||3-5 ft||butterflies (host) moths, bees||light purple to pink|
|Mist Plant||Conoclinium coelestinum||s, ps||m||1-3 ft||Butterflies, bees||purple|
POLLINATION – ONLINE EDUCATION RESOURCES:
- The following link to a You Tube presentation on Pollinators is perfect to review pollination with students who understand the basic concepts. http://www.youtube-nocookie.com/embed/xHkq1edcbk4?rel=0
- http://www.fs.fed.us/wildflowers/pollinators/documents/AttractingPollinatorsV5.pdf. A wonderful pamphlet from the US Forest Service on pollinators.
- http://www.gardenclub.org/projects/presidents-projects/backyard-wildlife-habitat.aspx. Learn about the “Bee a Wildlife Hero” program from The National Garden Clubs to certify your garden as a Backyard Habitat. Links are provided here to other resources available via NGC including the Million Garden project.
- avasflowers.net/why-bees-and-pollination-are-so-important. Learn about pollen and its role in plant propagation.
- Visit www.pollinator.organd www.xerces.org for tons of material, articles, brochures, and other educational material. The very best online resources for information on pollinators. Include links to other resources.
- http://pollinatorlive.pwnet.org/teacher/lessons.php#1– Listing of online resources for Pollinator Education
- https://www.pinterest.com/hux4rd/pollination-lesson-ideas Don’t forget Pinterest for fun activities and teaching materials on pollination.
- http://kidsgrowingstrong.org/Pollination One of the best description of pollinators for kids. Includes simple and appealing links to other pages on individual types of pollinators with other links to learn about individual species. Also, suggests activities. Clever and attractive. From California but appropriate to all.
- https://kidsgardening.org/lesson-plan-pollinator-lesson-plans – Fun activity with excellent photos of plants and pollinators along with other lesson plans on other gardening activities.
- http://pollinator.org/PDFs/NAPPC.NoFear.brochFINAL.pdf Good brochure on bees and gardens. Answers concerns about bees around children for parents and others.
- http://www.audubonadventures.org/native_bees_activity1.htmTeacher information and three activities geared to elementary school children and up.
- http://monarchlab.org/education-and-gardening/curricula/ The University of Minnesota provides curricula for grades K-6 on Monarch Observation and Migration. An amazing collection of material for teachers and students.
- http://www.learner.org/jnorth/tm/monarch/kids_current.html– Journey North provides in classroom material for teachers on Monarchs and Migration, as well as tools to turn your kids into citizen scientists.
- http://kidsbutterfly.org/education– One stop location for online butterfly educational resources. Includes a photo gallery, life cycle photos and color sheets, as well as links to many other online sites.
Visit the Wallis Arboretum’s Butterfly, Entrance, Children’s and other gardens throughout. Come enjoy. Share the adventure with children.
Birds – Filling bird feeders can be messy. Measure how much each feeder will hold fill several self-sealing bags, or gallon milk jugs and mark for which feeder. As a feeder needs filling use one of the pre-measured containers.
- Remove rose blackspot foliage from the plant and surrounding soil. Spray foliage top and underneath, and replace the soil of container grown roses. Destroy foliage and soil. Start a blackspot program.
- Divide hosta and plant in afternoon shade location. Varieties that are deep green and have a blue cast need dappled or full shade.
- Plant marigolds, lavender and other highly scented plants to deter deer and rabbits.
- Hummingbirds love pineapple sage’s red flowers and sweet fragrance.