Watch the video “Edible Gardening” with Bud Qualk, Chair of Edible Gardening for National Garden Clubs, now on our GCKY Youtube Channel.
Lauren Roefels shares how pollinators (and draft horses) have a home at Berea College, Kentucky.
Lassie Gregory Page
Mon 18 Mar 1918 – Sun 16 Jan 2022
Garden Club Member
Franklin-Simpson Garden Club
Lassie Gregory Page was a long-time member of the Franklin Garden Club, and a life-long resident of Franklin, Kentucky, where she was graduated high school in 1946 and attended First Baptist Church. She was a retired founding employee of Franklin Bank & Trust Company, from which she retired as Senior Vice President after 42 years. She enjoyed spending time with her family of children, grandchildren, and great-grandchildren, vacationing in Orange Beach, Alabama, traveling, playing cards, and gardening.
St. Francis is the patron saint to all who love nature, especially birds and small animals. Give the birds a special treat and corn for the squirrels.
Poison Ivy – Dig and spray before foliage turns wonderful fall colors. Cover your hands and any exposed skin with Dawn Ultra (antibacterial), let it dry, and when you finish wash the Dawn off.
- HYDRANGEA – Prune back Annabelle hydrangeas no more than every third year and then when the blooms turn brown. If stems are leggy and weak cut back only to 18” give support to spring growth.
- BULBS – Plant tulips 12” deep or three times its height depending on the bulb. The deeper hole will increase the number of years the bulbs will continue their original size. If it is a new bed, plant daffodils this year and other subsequent years and daffodils exude a toxin squirrels and other rodents don’t like. It is a good idea to always wear gloves when gardening especially if sensitive to lilies(any member of the family).
- Houseplants – Protect houseplants outdoors when temperatures drop below 50 overnight. Bring them inside between the time the air-conditioning is turned off and heat turned on. Thanksgiving and Christmas cacti need to remain until the night temperatures are consistently 50 or less, in order to set their buds. Protect indoors plants by isolating those coming indoors, especially recently purchased plants.
- Lawn – Pick up branches, twigs and toys before mowing. They can be dangerous projectiles. Make sure small children are not in the yard and do not hold them while mowing or riding back to the storage area.
- Vegetables – When spent plants are removed, compost those not diseased and take a soil sample to your Extension agent to test what it is lacking. Do not save seeds from hybrid plants as this year’s seeds will not come back true and do not carry the resistance of their parents.
Flower Show Judge
Theresa Louise Perros
Sun 24 Mar 1912 – Thu 7 Oct 2021
Garden Club Member
The Garden Club of Danville
Blue Grass District
Theresa was a 50 year member of the The Garden Club of Danville and President two times.
A strong supporter of The Garden Club of Kentucky, Inc., she believed that each of us could play an important role in keeping this club interesting and educational for our members throughout the Commonwealth. Theresa was a certified Flower Show Judge. Her talents and friendly ways were shared and enjoyed by many.
Did you know that the Wallis Arboretum is the site of two pre-historic trees: Ginkgo biloba and Metasequoia glyptostroboides? Both species are from China, the fossil records of ginkgo dating to more than 200 million years ago and metasequoia (also known as the Dawn Redwood) a mere 50 million.
As was–and is–the custom from the time the house was built in 1850, the latest introductions were always planted at 616 Pleasant Street. A row of ginkgos separated the family area from the cutting and vegetable garden.
The metasequoia did not arrive at the arboretum until the 1950s. The species was once prolific in North America, Japan and China, so much so that its fossil remains are Oregon’s State Fossil. The species was considered extinct until 1938 when a Chinese botanist discovered a living tree in China. With the threat of war, it was not until the late 1940s that Arnold Arboretum (Harvard) funded a trip to collect seed, sending them on to various countries and the Missouri Botanical Garden (MOBOT)
Metasequoia is the smallest of the three living species of redwood, the the other two being the Coastal Redwood (Sequoia sempervirens) in the Pacific Northwest and the Giant Redwood (Sequoiadendron giganteum) in the Sierra Nevada mountains. They are cousins and easy to confuse, though Metasequoia foliage is scaley and deciduous, while redwood’s foliage is needle-like.
Metasequoia is a beautiful tree that with a trunk that buttresses with age. It has reddish bark that exfoliates in narrow strips. In the fall, needles turn orange-brown to red-brown.
Today, the ‘living fossil’ (as it is often called) is readily available to the average grower. Unless you have extensive room, do not plant it as it grows 3-5’ a year, reaching over 100’ and 25’ wide. It grows best in a sunny location and even tolerates dry soil and hardy in zones 5-8.
In ‘Dirr’s Hardy Trees and Shrubs’ he states that a single specimen is an imposing sight, but groupings and groves are also effective as attested by the grove planted at MOBOT in 1947.
If your yard is not big enough for metasequoia, visit the Nannine Clay Wallis Arboretum any time. It is open to the public with no fee.
For more information about Metasequoia go to: landscapearchitecturemagazine.org, The Metasequoia Mystery
- Goldenrod has come into full bloom. Our KY state flower is not the cause of allergic reaction as its pollen is heavy and falls to the ground. The pollen of ragweed, its companion, is light-weight and blows in the wind.
- Allow fall asters to remain over winter and cut back early spring. Monarch butterflies depend on them for their migration south.
- Cut a few Shasta daisies to enjoy inside. At three years, Shasta will begin to become leggy and needs to be removed. Each year replace the oldest and plant with new to have continuous dense blooming and healthy plants.
- Roses – Leave rose hips and dead roses on the bush. Hips feed birds while dead roses indicate to the bush cease blooming. Add a tablespoon of bleach and of sugar to half gallon of water to keep cut roses fresh.
- Lawn – Raking time is here. For less back stress from raking, pull the rake toward you as you walk away from the leaves. Form rows of leaves, mow using a mulching blade and repeat in the opposite direction to break down the leaves enough over winter to add nutrients and improve soil quality.
- Trees and shrubs – Plant trees and shrubs. Viburnums create a great screen to block a bad view and are not picky about soil or environment. Pick up walnut and buckeye seeds daily. Bending over or squatting to pick up is good exercise and prevents tripping on the pellicle (heavy seed coating) and reduces lawnmower thrown projectiles.
- Recycle vines that were removed from trees, lawn and beds to make wreaths and baskets.
- Order live or cut Christmas tree from a reputable nursery.
- Pick species or wild persimmon fruit once it has colored up but still hard and ripen inside. It will ripen after picking. Pick hybridized varieties when they have ripened on the tree.
- Recycle spent vegetables by removing and adding to compost. Never compost disease and insect infested plants.
Some hydrangeas are pruned in the fall, some in early spring and some not at all. How am I to know which variety my hydrangea is and when it is supposed to be pruned or not? Proven-Winners has the simple answer.
Of the 49 species of hydrangeas, four are native to America, and only six types generally grown in our gardens. Those that produce flower buds on old wood are
- bigleaf (mophead and lacecap)
- mountain New-wood bloomers include
- panicle(PG or peegee) and
- smooth (Annabelle series).
By not pruning old wood that produces buds formed earlier this year, the hydrangeas are more apt to be protected over winter. Late freezes do not harm new-wood bloomer, as their buds are set after all chance of a spring freeze. If buds are frozen, more will be produced.
New Proven-Winners(P-W) this year include old wood bigleaf (aka florist, mophead or lacecap) “Let’s Dance Can Do” and “Let’s Dance Do It”. Both stunning.
New-wood introductions include Firelight Tidbit, a dwarf bush with large flower heads, and Quick Fire Fab (true to its Fab name). Both are panicle or peegee, so named for the panicles(cluster of flowers) of large or grandiflora flower heads.
There is an hydrangea for every situation, from 1-2’ to 4-6’, colors from white to magenta and almost every color in between, easy to grow, bloom seemingly forever and some repeat. They do best in moist, well-drained soil and more sun than generally given. Peegees are known for their sun tolerance. They are shallow rooted and will dry quickly. Mulch helps retain water.
DID YOU KNOW…
You know that hydrangeas likes water, but did you know that ‘hydra’ refers to the seed capsules that resemble ancient Greek water-carrier vessels?
National Garden Clubs (NGC) has developed a new program to promote NGC Flower Shows. The program involves the Kentucky Judges Council to encourage and mentor clubs wishing to hold a flower show by providing information and support on schedule writing, awards, and procedures and then to guide the club through the flower show process. This program is designed for garden clubs that have never held an NGC Flower Show or garden clubs that have not held a flower show in the last five years.
To get your club started on the path to a fun and successful Flower Show, please contact the Judges Council President, Mary W. Turner (firstname.lastname@example.org | 859-361-0799). A Mentor Judge will be assigned to your club and will provide you with a packet of information about staging an NGC Flower Show, including a sample Flower Show Schedule, a list of NGC Awards, and a list of the necessary supplies that can be ordered from NGC. With assistance from your Mentor Judge, your club will tailor the information to fit your needs and preferences and will work with you throughout the process—from beginning to end. Clubs that participate will be recognized with a certificate signed by the NGC President, Mary Warshauer.